Medications that May Impact Oral Health
Not all medications are associated with oral health side effects. In addition, the drugs that can elicit side effects may be used in such a manner that either prevents or manages their occurrence.
Some examples of the medications that may cause a dental side effect include:
- Certain antibiotics may cause tooth discoloration. For example, some baby boomers were affected by their mother's use of tetracycline during pregnancy. Many of these children developed a grayish or yellow tooth discoloration as adults.
- Certain antidepressants may increase the risk of dry mouth syndrome (xerostomia), teeth grinding, involuntary tongue movement, tooth sensitivity, worn and torn teeth, headaches, jaw pain, gum bleeding or sugar cravings.
- Some prescriptive smoking cessation medications may increase the risk of dry mouth syndrome.
- Chemotherapy medication may cause burning mouth syndrome, pain, sores, an enlarged tongue and dry lips.
- Certain allergy treatments may trigger dry mouth syndrome.
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- Certain appetite suppressants may cause dry mouth syndrome.
- Certain pain medications may cause dry mouth symptoms. If the symptoms are consistent and persistent, the condition may be labeled dry mouth syndrome.
- A number of sleep aids may contribute to dry mouth syndrome.
- Certain anxiety medications may increase the risk of dry mouth syndrome.
- Certain diuretics may cause the development of white ulcerations or lines in the mouth.
- Certain bisphosphonates (typically used to treat osteoporosis) may lead to osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), a degenerative condition resulting in jawbone death.